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:: Volume 1, Issue 3 (October 2017) ::
J Health Sci Technol 2017, 1(3): 126-131 Back to browse issues page
Lifestyle of patients with coronary artery disease hospitalized in the heart department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital of Birjand and its association with some cardiovascular risk factors
Bita Bijari , Toba Kazemi , Morteza Erfanian
2Birjand Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, School of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (295 Views)
Background: Lifestyle modification plays the most important role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. This study aims to assess the lifestyle of patients admitted to the cardiology department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital in Birjand from August 2014 to April 2015 and determine its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 400 patients hospitalized in the heart department were incorporated by census. The data were gathered using Breslow’s Lifestyle Index and a researcher-made questionnaire that included demographic characteristics of patients, history of heart disease, smoking, type of oil daily consumed, the frequency of different foods taken per week, and the results of tests taken on patients. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 22) using t-test and ANOVA.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 60.7±13.4 years. The majority 203 (50.8%) were male; 190 (47.5%) had diabetes; 181 (45.2%) suffered from obesity and overweight, 25% had high systolic blood pressure; and 10.5% had high diastolic blood pressure. Also, 14.2% were smokers. The mean score of participants on Breslow’s Lifestyle Index was 5.61±1.11, which was significantly higher in overweight and obese subjects than subjects with normal weight (P=0.001).
Conclusions: Some lifestyle indices in patients hospitalized in the heart department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital in Birjand are undesirable, and their lifestyles need to be modified.

Keywords: Life style, Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Birjand
Full-Text [PDF 552 kb]   (95 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/06/20 | Accepted: 2017/10/19 | Published: 2017/10/29
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Bijari B, Kazemi T, Erfanian M. Lifestyle of patients with coronary artery disease hospitalized in the heart department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital of Birjand and its association with some cardiovascular risk factors. J Health Sci Technol. 2017; 1 (3) :126-131
URL: http://jhst.bums.ac.ir/article-1-43-en.html


Volume 1, Issue 3 (October 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم و تکنولوژی بهداشت Journal of Health Sciences and Technology
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